Under Category 3: THE NATURE PURPOSE AND DESTINY OF MAN there are several questions about man’s sin nature. Although you do need to define the term unique to each question as you give you speech, you can cross apply a lot of the support for your speech. I would suggest three generic cards:
1. SIN (meaning)
2. Biblical remedy for SIN (significance – This is just one possibility of significance, that “sin requires a remedy.” You could choose a different form of significance, for example that “sin has created various separations.” But I’m going to use the remedy as a significance – that sin is something that has to be remedied. Just make a generic card for whichever significance you choose for this group of questions.)
3. Attacks against Biblical position (apologetics context)
Note: By generic card, I mean a card with general information that can be used for multiple questions.
I think if you have these three generic cards, you would have enough support to give all of the following questions from Category 3:
2. Explain the meaning and significance of the depravity of man.
3. Explain the meaning and significance of original sin.
4. Explain the meaning and significance of the sin nature.
4. What is meant by the “fall of man”?
9. If man is inherently sinful, why do most men lead relatively good lives?
Here are some possibilities of what to put on your generic cards. (Although I am quoting Scripture, I suggest a style of speech that uses this Biblical support conversationally, as you would with a non-believer.)
1. SIN (generic card)
Genesis 3 account of the historic fall of man
Psalm 51:5 – Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me.
Romans 5:12 – …through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned…
Romans 3:23 – All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
Romans 3:10-11 – None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God.
I Corinthians 15:22 – As in Adam all die…
“Much that we take for granted in a civilized society is based upon the assumption of human sin. Nearly all legislation has grown up because human beings cannot be trusted to settle their own disputes with justice and without self-interest. A promise is not enough; we need a contract. Doors are not enough; we have to lock and bolt them. The payment of fares is not enough; tickets have to be issued, inspected and collected. Law and order are not enough; we need the police to enforce them. All this is due to man’s sin. We cannot trust each other. We need protection against one another. It is a terrible indictment of human nature.” – John Stott, Basic Christianity
Depravity, sin nature and original sin are like ink in a glass. One drop taints the whole glass.
Depravity does not mean man is as evil as he can be in all areas, but that all of him has been tainted by sin. Since the original sin of Adam and Eve, we are all tainted by (born into) sin. Our nature is tainted by sin. We don’t all commit the most horrendous sins at every moment of our lives, but all that we do is somehow tainted by sin.
Property Laws of a Toddler : http://www.kellymom.com/writings/children/property.html
2. Biblical remedy for SIN (generic card)
John 3 – Jesus tells Nicodemus “You must be born again.”
II Corinthians 5:17 – We can become a new creation in Christ.
I Corinthians 5:22b – …so in Christ shall all be made alive.
I Peter 3:18 – For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit.
Tripp Lee says, “…the bad news is that we are born in sin; the good news is that we can be born again.”
- Parachute analogy ~ Be sure to scroll down to “The New Analogy” about the heroism of Lt. David Kingsley.
- Cossack Bridge ~ Those who became human pillars were like Christ, giving their lives to make a bridge.
3. Attacks against Biblical position (apologetics context)
Okay, you’ve talked about sin (meaning) and that it requires a remedy (significance), but we need to DEFEND these Biblical positions. So the next thing we need to look at is attacks on these Biblical truths from non-Christians.
I suggest you choose one basic attack for your generic card.
I am going to choose the non-Christian idea that man is basically good for this post. So the actual name of this generic card will be “Man is Good.” If you use this idea, you will want to look up these views and understand them a little bit so that you can explain them.
(I also want to give you another idea for an apologetics context generic card on these speeches, but I will put that in another post!)
MAN IS GOOD (generic card)
- Confucius: Man is basically good.
“The Confucian philosophy is built on the foundational belief that man is basically good. The Analects state, ‘The Master said, “Is goodness indeed so far away? If we really wanted goodness, we should find that it was at our side.” ‘ (Analects 7:29) Confucian disciple Mencius further develops this, stating, ‘Man’s nature is naturally good just as water naturally flows downward.’ (Chan 52) This innate goodness could be developed and actualized through education, self-reflection, and discipline.”
- Rousseau: Man is basically good (idea of the “Noble Savage”). Society makes man evil. Widespread peasantry is the ideal state. Although Rousseau changed his views, as noted in the quote below, his idea of the Noble Savage became a very powerful influence in western culture. The Encyclopedia Britannica explains this in the following description: “noble savage, in literature, an idealized concept of uncivilized man, who symbolizes the innate goodness of one not exposed to the corrupting influences of civilization. The American Indian came to be seen as a noble savage.
A modern example of Rousseau’s noble savage would be would be the Na’vi people, a humanoid species indigenous to Pandora in the movie Avatar.
“In his early writing, Rousseau contended that man is essentially good when in the “state of nature” (the state of all the other animals, and the condition man was in before the creation of civilization and society), and that good people are made unhappy and corrupted by their experiences in society. He viewed society as “artificial” and “corrupt” and that the furthering of society results in the continuing unhappiness of man…
Perhaps Rousseau’s most important work is “The Social Contract” that describes the relationship of man with society. Contrary to his earlier work, Rousseau claimed that the state of nature is brutish condition without law or morality, and that there are good men only as a result of society’s presence.”
- Scientology: Man is basically good. (Ron Hubbard is an example of a scientologist.)
From one of their own websites: http://www.scientology.org/faq/scientology-beliefs/does-scientology-believe-man-is-sinful.html
DOES SCIENTOLOGY BELIEVE MAN IS SINFUL?
“A fundamental tenet of Scientology is that Man is basically good; that he is seeking to survive; and that his survival depends upon himself and upon his fellows and his attainment of brotherhood with the universe. However, his experiences in the physical universe, through many lifetimes, have led him into evil, where he has committed harmful acts or sins, causing him to become aberrated (departing from rational thought or behavior). These harmful acts further reduce Man’s awareness and innate goodness as a spiritual being.”
- Add any other worldviews that deny the fallen nature of man to this card.
In other posts (see “Defending the Truth”) I have given you a suggested outline for your apologetics speeches. So how would your generic cards discussed in this tip fit into that outline?
I. The Christian Position – From cards on “Sin” and “The Biblical Remedy for Sin”
II. The Attack – From the card “Man is Good”
III. Why the Christian Position is Preferable
So you still must make the actual defense of the faith, part III of the outline. You must show why the Biblical idea of sin and its significance is true, rather than the idea that man is good. (See the post “Reason to Prefer.”)